Flora of Roosevelt
Monmouth Co., New Jersey

Excepting Grasses, Rushes, & SedgesBotrychium dissectum var. obliquum (Muhl.) Clute

Last Change: 19 May 2011

Identifications. Before 2000, identifications were mostly made by Wayne Cokeley (then chair of the Borough's Environmental Commission) and Rod Tulloss (also former chair of the Environmental Commission). Expert assistance was sought with regard to Sphagnum, certain hepatics, certain ferns and fern allies, grasses, reeds, and sedges.

Between March and October, 2000, Karl Andersen (Rancocas Nature Center, New Jersey Audubon Society) and Linda Kelly lent their valuable assistance to a plant survey of the borough. Their site visits were on the following dates: March 31; April 24 & 27; May 4 & 26; June 2, 9, & 14; August 6; and September 30. They reconfirmed 72% of the species on the original list, added 216 species to the list, and recommended removal of 31 previously listed species (mostly because they were horticultural introductions). We are also greatful to the Borough's Environmental Consultant, Sven Hoeger (Creative Habitat Corp.), for his valuable comments, suggestions, corrections, and new identifications. The list now contains names of more than 430 plants reported to occur in Roosevelt. The Borough of Roosevelt and the Fund for Roosevelt, Inc. extend their sincere thanks to Karl and Linda.

Missing authorial citation is indicated by "__".

Rare, threatened, and endangered taxa. Taxa listed in these categories in New Jersey are marked (respectively) with R, T, and E.

Exotics, etc. Exotics are marked with an asterisk (*). 

Plants native to eastern North America, but introduced regionally are marked with an at-symbol (@). 

Introduced plants that are particularly invasive are marked with a bold face, red "i." For selected links leading to more information about invasive plants and their control, click here.

Images. Images are available from a separate list as well as from occasional "hot" entries on this page.


Grasses, Rushes & Sedges
Acknowledgments & Bibliography
Return to Natural Resources Page.


EMBRYOBIOTES (Infrakingdom) 

[Hornworts]

ANTHOCEROMORPHA (Super Division)

ANTHOCEROPHYTA (Division)

Anthoceratopsida (Class)

[Liverworts]

MARCHANTIOMORPHA (Super Division)

MARCHANTIOPHYTA (Division)

Marchantiopsida (Class)

Jungermanniales (Order)

Calopogeiaceae (Family)

Calopogeia muelleriana (Schiffn.) K. MŁll. subsp. muelleriana

Cephaloziaceae (Pincer-wort Family)

Cephalozia bicuspidata (L.) Dum. subsp. bicuspidata
[Two-horned Pincer-wort]

Cephalozia catenulata (Hub.) Lindb.

Cephalozia connivens (Dicks.) Lindb.

Jubulaceae (Family)

Frullania eboracensis Gott.
[Common Frullania]

Jungermanniaceae (Family)

Jungermannia crenuliformis Aust.

Plagiochilaceae (Family)

Plagiochila asplenoides (L.) Dum. subsp. porelloides (Torrey ex Nees) Schust.
[Greater Featherwort (name in UK)]

Marchantiales (Order)

Marchantiaceae (Family)

Marchantia polymorpha L.

Metzgeriales (Order)

Pallaviciniaceae (Scale Moss Family)

Pallavicinia lyellii (Hook.) Carruth.
[Common Scale Moss]

[Mosses]

BRYOMORPHA (Superdivision)

BRYOPHYTA (Division)

Bryopsida (Class)

Sphagnidae (Subclass)

Sphagnales (Order)

Sphagnaceae (Family)

Sphagnum fimbriatum Wils.
[Fimbriate Sphagnum]

Sphagnum palustre L.
[Marsh Sphagnum]

Andreacidae (Subclass)

Andreaeales (Order)

Bryidae (Subclass)

Hypnobryales (Order)

Brachytheciaceae (Family)

Brachythecium cf. velutinum (Hedw.) B.S.G.

Polytrichales (Order)

Polytrichaceae (Family)

Polytrichum juniperinum Hedw.

Polytrichum piliferum Hedw. 

[Ferns and Fern Allies]

Note: Of 33 taxa in this list, 32 have been confirmed since 1 January 1999. Many are illustrated in these pages.

One additional taxon (marked by "?") is presumed present because hybrids have been found. The parent species is known to occur in the area according to Montgomery and Fairbrothers (1992), but has not been reported from Roosevelt to our knowledge. The species not confirmed since 1 January 1999 is marked with an ampersand ("&").  An "at sign" ("@") means a plant is native to the area, but the known exemplar(s) were re-introduced to the wild.

POLYSPORANGIOMORPHA (Superdivision)

TRACHEOPHYTA (Division)

LYCOPHYTINA (Subdivision)

Lycopsida (Class)

Lycopodiales (Order)

Lycopodiaceae (Clubmoss Family)

Huperzia lucidula (Michx.) Trevisan
[Shining Clubmoss]

Lycopodium digitatum A. Br.
[Common Running-pine]

Lycopodium obscurum L.
[Tree Clubmoss]

IsoŽtales (Order)

IsoŽtaceae (Quillwort Family)

Selaginellales (Order)

Selaginellaceae (Spike Moss Family)

EUPHYLLOPHYTINA (Subdivision)

MONILIFORMOPSES (Infradivision)

Equisetopsida (Class)

Equisetaceae (Horsetail Family)

Equisetum arvense L.
[Field Horsetail]

Filicopsida (Class)

Polypodiidae (Subclass)

Aspleniaceae (Spleenwort Family)

Asplenium platyneuron (L.) Britton
[Ebony Spleenwort/Brown-stemmed S.]

Blechnaceae (Chain Fern Family)

Woodwardia areolata (L.) T. Moore
[Interrupted Chain Fern/Netted C. F.]

Dennstaedtiaceae (Hay-scented Fern Family)

Dennstaedtia punctilobula (Michaux) Moore
[Hay Scented Fern]
Potentially invasive, but contained at present.

Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn var. latiusculum (Desv.) Underw.
[Northeastern Bracken]
Potentially invasive, but contained at present.
Note: Poisonous to livestock.

Dryopteridaceae (Wood Fern Family)

Athyrium filix-femina (L.) Roth ex Mertens var. asplenoides (Michx.) Farw.
[Lowland Lady's Fern/Southern L.F.]

Athyrium filix-femina var. angustum (Willd.) Moore
[Upland Lady's Fern/Northern L.F.]

& Deparia acrostichoides (Swartz) M. Kato
[Silvery Spleenwort]

Dryopteris carthusiana (Villars) H. P. Fuchs
  [Spinulose Wood Fern/Toothed W. F.]

?Dryopteris cristata (L.) Gray
[Crested Wood Fern]

Dryopteris intermedia (Muhl.) A. Gray
[Evergreen Wood Fern/Fancy Fern]

Dryopteris marginalis (L.) A. Gray
[Marginal Wood Fern]

Dryopteris xboottii (Tuckerm.) Underw.
[Boott's Hybrid Wood Fern]
Dryopteris cristataxintermedia

Dryopteris xtriploidea Wherry
[Triploid Hybrid Wood Fern]
Dryopteris carthusianaxintermedia

Matteuccia struthiopteris (L.) Todaro var. pensylvanica (Willd.) C. V. Morton
[Ostrich Fern]

Onoclea sensibilis L.
[Sensitive Fern]

Polystichum acrostichoides (Michx.) Schott
[Christmas Fern/Dagger F.]

Lygodiaceae (Climbing Fern Family)

E@ Lygodium palmatum (Bernh.) Sw.
[Climbing Fern, Hartford F.]

Osmundaceae (Royal Fern Family)

Osmunda cinnamomea L.
[Cinnamon Fern]

Osmunda claytoniana L.
[Interrupted Fern]

Osmunda regalis L. var. spectabilis (Willd.) A. Gray
[Royal Fern]

Polypodiaceae (Polypody Family)

Polypodium virginianum L.
[Common Polypody, Rock-cap]

Pteridaceae (Maiden Hair Fern Family)

Adiantum pedatum L.
[Maidenhair Fern]

Schizaeaceae (Family)

Thelypteridaceae (Marsh Fern Family)

Thelypteris noveboracensis (L.) Nieuwl.
[New York Fern]

Thelypteris palustris Schott var. pubescens (Lawson) Fernald
[Marsh Fern]

Thelypteris simulata (Davenp.) Nieuwl.
[Massachusetts Fern]

Marsileidae (Subclass)

Marsileaceae (Water-clover Family)

Ophioglossidae (Subclass)

Ophioglossaceae (Adder's Tongue Fern Family)

Botrychium dissectum Spreng. f. dissectum
[Cut-leaved Grape Fern]

Botrychium dissectum f. obliquum (Muhl.) Clute
[Cut-leaved Grape Fern]
Illustrated at top of this page.

T Botrychium oneidense (Gilbert) House
[Blunt-lobed Grape Fern]

Botrychium virginianum (L.) Swartz
[Rattlesnake Fern]

Salviniidae (Subclass)

Azollaceae (Mosquito Fern Family)

[Trees, Shrubs, and Vines]

Note: Taxa in this section are arranged by family. Families are presented in alphabetical order without regard to taxonomic relationship.

Aceraceae (Maple Family)

Acer negundo L.
[Box Elder]

*i Acer platanoides L.
[Norway Maple]
Removal recommended, invasive.

* Acer palmatum __ (cv.)
[Japanese Maple]

iAcer rubrum L.
[Red Maple]
Where wildfires are prevented, this tree can crowd out others. Containment recommended via woodlot management.

Anacardiaceae (Cashew Family)

Rhus copallina L.
[Shining Sumac]

Rhus glabra L.
[Winged Sumac]

Toxicodendron radicans (L.) Kuntze
[Poison Ivy]

Aquifoliaceae (Holly Family)

Ilex opaca Ait.
[American Holly]

Ilex verticillata (L.) A. Gray
[Winterberry Holly]

Araliaceae (Ginseng Family)

*iHedera helix L.
English Ivy
Removal from areas adjacent to forest recommended.

Berberidaceae (Barberry Family)

*i Berberis thunbergii DC.
[Japanese Barberry]
Removal/extirpation recommended.

Betulaceae (Birch Family)

Alnus serrulata (Air.) Willd.
[Smooth Alder]

Betula allegheniensis Britt.
[Yellow Birch]

Betula lenta L.
[Black Birch]

Betula populifolia Marsh.
[Gray Birch]

Carpinus caroliniana Walt.
[Ironwood/Hornbeam/Blue Beech/Water B.]

Corylus americana Walt.
[American Hazel]

Ostrya virginiana (Mill.) K. Koch
[Eastern Hophornbeam/Ironwood]

Bignoneaceae (Trumpet Creeper Family)

Campsis radicans (L.) Seem
[Trumpet Creeper]

Catalpa bignonioides Walt.
[Catawba, Common Catalpa, Indian Bean]

Caesalpiniaceae (Caesalpinia Family)

Gleditsia triacanthos L.
[Honey Locust]

Caprifoliaceae (Honeysuckle Family)

*i Lonicera japonica Thunb.
[Japanese Honeysuckle]
Containment/removal on public lands recommended.

* Lonicera morrowii Gray
[Morrow's Honeysuckle]

Sambucus canadensis L.
[American Elder] 

Viburnum acerifolia L.
[Maple Leaf Viburnum]

Viburnum dentatum L.
[Southern Arrowwood]

Viburnum prunifolium L.
[Blackhaw/Stagbush/Sweethaw]

* Weigela florida __
[Weigela]

Celastraceae (Staff Tree Family)

*i Celastrus orbiculatus Thunb.
[Asiatic Bittersweet]
Recommended for removal; must be pulled year after year.

Euonymus americanus L.
[Strawberry Bush]

*iEuonymus europaeus L.
[European Spindle Tree]
Removal/extirpation recommended.

Clethraceae (White Alder Family)

Clethra alnifolia L.

Cornaceae (Dogwood Family)

Cornus alternifolia L.
[Alternate Dogwood]

Cornus amomum L.
[Silky Dogwood]

Cornus florida L.
[Flowering Dogwood]

Cornus stolonifera Michx.
[Red Osier Dogwood]

Nyssa sylvatica Marsh.
[Black Tupelo/Black Gum]

Cupressaceae (Cypress Family - conifers)

Juniperus virginiana L.
[Red Cedar]

Ebenaceae (Ebony Family)

Diospyros virginiana L.
[Common Persimmon]

Elaeagnaceae (Oleaster Family)

*i Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb.
[Autumn Olive]
Removal/extirpation recommended.

*i Elaeagnus angustifolia L.
[Russian Olive/Oleaster]
Removal/extirpation recommended.

Ericaceae (Heath Family)

Eubotrys racemosa (l.) Nutt.
[Fetterbush]

Gaylussacia baccata (Wangenh.) K. Koch
[Black Huckleberry]

Gaylussacia frondosa (L.) Torr. & Gray
[Dangleberry]

Lyonia ligustrina (L.) DC.
[Maleberry]

Lyonia mariana (L.) D. Don
[Staggerbush]

Rhododendron maximum L.
[Great Laurel/Rosebay]

Rhododendron periclymenoides (Michx.) Shinners
[Pink Azalea/Pinxter Flower]

Rhododendron viscosum (L.) Torr.
[Swamp Honeysuckle]

Vaccinium corymbosa L.
[Highbush Blueberry]

Vaccinium pallidum Aiton
[Early Lowbush Blueberry]

Fabaceae (Legume Family)

Robinia pseudoacacia L.
[Black Locust]

*i Wisteria sp.
[Wisteria]
Recommended for removal from public lands.

Fagaceae (Beech Family)

Castanea pumilla (L.) Mill.
[Eastern Chinquapin]

Fagus grandifolia Ehrh.
[American Beech]

Quercus alba L.
[White Oak/Stave O.]

Quercus bicolor Willd.
[Swamp White Oak]

F1. Acorn tip with "spear point" from Blackjack Oak

Quercus marilandica Muenchh.
[Blackjack Oak/Jack O.]
Magnified image of acorn tip with "spear point," F1, above.

Quercus palustris Muenchh.
[Pin Oak]

Quercus prinus L.
[Chestnut Oak/Rock Chestnut O./Rock O.]

Quercus ruber L.
[Northern Red Oak]

Quercus velutina Lam.
[Black Oak]

Hamamelidaceae (Witch Hazel Family)

Hamamelis virginiana L.
[Witch Hazel]

Liquidambar styraciflua L.
[Sweetgum]

Hydrangeaceae (Hydrangea Family)

Hydrangea arborescens L.
[Hydrangea]

H1. Mockernut Hickory  H2. Shellbark Hickory

Juglandaceae (Walnut Family)                           

Carya cordiformis (Wang.) K. Koch
[Bitternut Hickory]

Carya glabra (Mill.) Sweet
[Pignut Hickory]

Carya laciniosa (Michx.) Loud.
[Shellbark Hickory]
Image H2, above

Carya ovata (Mill.) K. Koch
[Shagbark Hickory]

Carya tomentosa (Poir.) Nutt.
[Mockernut Hickory]
Image H1, above.

Juglans nigra L.
[Eastern Black Walnut]

Lauraceae (Laurel Family)

Lindera benzoin (L.) Blume
[Spicebush]

Sassafras albidum (Nutt.) Nees
[Sassafras]

Magnoliaceae (Magnolia Family)

Liriodendron tulipifera L.
[Yellow Poplar/Tuliptree]

Magnolia virginiana L.
[Sweetbay/Sweet Bay/Swamp B./Sweet Magnolia]

Mimosaceae (Mimosa Family)

*Albizia julibrissin Durazzini
[Silktree]

Myoraceae (Mulberry Family)

*Morus alba L.
[White Mulberry]

Myricaceae (Sweet Gale Family)

Morella pensylvanica (Mirbel) Kartesz comb. prov.
[Northern Bayberry]

Oleaceae (Olive Family)

R Chionanthus virginica L.
[Fringetree]

* Forsythia cv.
[Forsythia]

Fraxinus americana L.
[White Ash]

*i Ligustrum sp.
[Privet]
Recommended for removal.

* Syringa persica L.
[Persian Lilac]

* Syringa vulgaris L.
[Common Lilac]

Pinaceae (Pine Family - conifers)

* Picea abies (L.) Karst.
[Norway Spruce]

* Picea pungens __
[Colorado Blue Spruce]

Pinus rigida Mill.
[Pitch Pine]

@ Pinus strobus L.
[Eastern White Pine]

* Pinus sylvestris L.
[Scotch Pine]

@ Tsuga canadensis (L.) Carr.
[Eastern Hemlock]

Platanaceae (Planetree Family)

Platanus occidentalis L.
[Sycamore/American S./American Planetree]

Rosaceae (Rose Family)

Amelanchier arborea (Michx. f.) Fern.
[Shadbush]

Amelanchier canadensis (L.) Medic.
[Oblongleaf Juneberry]

Aronia arbutifolia (L.) Elliott
[Red Chokeberry]

Crataegus sp.
[Hawthorn]

Prunus serotina Ehrh.
[Black Cherry]

* Pyrus malus __
[Apple]

* i Rosa multiflora Thunb.
[Multiflora Rose]
Recommended for removal/extirpation.

Rosa palustris Marshall
[Swamp Rose]

Rubus alleghaniensis T. Porter
[Allegheny Blackberry]

Rubus hispidus L.
[Swamp Dewberry]

Rubus occidentalis L.
[Black Raspberry]

Spiraea alba var. latifolia (Aiton) Dippel
[Meadowsweet]

Spiraea tomentosa L.
[Steeplebush/Hardhack]

Rubiaceae (Family)

Cephalanthus occidentalis L.
[Common Buttonbush]

Salicaceae (Family)

Populus grandidentata Michx.
[Bigtooth Aspen]

* Salix babylonica L.
[Weeping Willow]

Salix fragilis L.
[Crack Willow/Snap W./Brittle W.]

Simarubaceae (Quassia Family)

*i Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Swingle
[Tree of Heaven]
Recommended for removal/extirpation.

Smilaceae (Greenbrier Family)

Smilax glauca Walt.
[Glaucous Greenbrier]

Smilax pseudochina L.
[Halberd-leaved Greenbrier]

Smilax rotundifolia L.
[Round-leaved Greenbrier]

Taxodiaceae (Family)

* Metasequoia glyptostroboides Hu & Cheng
[Dawn Redwood]

Tiliaceae (Family)

Tilia sp.
[Linden/Lime/Basswood]

Ulmaceae (Family)

Celtis occidentalis L.
[Northern Hackberry, N. Sugarberry]

Ulmus americana L.
[American Elm]

* Ulmus pumila L.
[Siberian Elm/Dwarf E./Asiatic E.]

Vitaceae (Family)

Parthenocissus quinquefolia (L.) Planch.
[Virginia Creeper]

Vitis aestivalis Michx.
[Summer Grape] 

Vitis labrusca L. H. Bailey
[Fox Grape]

[Herbaceous Plants Excluding Grasses, Reeds, and Sedges]

Note: Taxa in this section are arranged by family. Families are presented in alphabetical order without regard to taxonomic relationship.

Alismataceae (Water Plantain Family)

Sagittaria latifolia Willd.
[Broad Leaved Arrowhead]

Amaranthaceae (Amaranth Family)

Amaranthus hybridus L.
[Smooth Amaranth]

Amaranthus retroflexus L.
[Green Amaranth]

Amanranthus powellii S. Wats.
[Powell's Amaranth ]

Amaryllidaceae (Family)

* Narcissus pseudonarcissus L.
[Daffodil/Trumpet Narcissus]

* Narcissus sp.
[Narcissus]

Apiaceae (Parsley Family)

Cicuta maculata L.
[Water Hemlock/Poison H.]

Daucus carota L.
[Queen Anne's Lace]

Sanicula gregaria Bickn.
[Clustered Snakeroot]

Apocynaceae (Dogbane Family)

Apocynum cannabinum L.
[Dogbane]

* i Vinca minor L.
[Periwinkle]
Recommended for removal from land adjacent to, or in, forests and wetlands.

Araceae (Arum Family)

Arisaema atrorubens __
[Jack-in-the-Pulpit]

Arisaema triphyllum (L.) Schott
[Small Jack-in-the-Pulpit]

Symplocarpus foetidus (L.) Nutt.
[Skunk Cabbage]

Araliaceae (Ginseng Family)

Aralia nudicaulis L.
[Wild Sarsaparilla]

Panax trifolius L.
[Dwarf Ginseng]

Asclepiadaceae (Milkweed Family)

Asclepias syriaca L.
[Common Milkweed/Poke M.]

Asclepias tuberosa L.
[Butterflyweed]

Asclepias verticillata L.
[Whorled Milkweed]

Asteraceae (Aster Family)

* Achillea millefolia L.
[Yarrow]

Ambrosia artemisiifolia L.
[Common Ragweed]

Ambrosia trifida L.
[Great Ragweed]

Antennaria neglecta Greene
[Field Pussytoes]

* Arctium minus Bernh.
[Common Burdock]

* Artemisia annua L.
[Annual Wormwood]

* Artemisia vulgaris L.,
[Mugwort]

Aster divaricatus L.
[White Wood Aster]

Aster dumosus L.
[Bushy Aster]

Aster lateriflorus (L.) Britton
[Calico Aster]

Aster lowrieanus T. C. Porter
[Lowrie's Aster]

Aster pilosus Willd.
[Heath Aster]

Aster puniceus L.
[Purple-stemmed Aster]

Aster racemosus Elliott
[Small White Aster]

Aster tradescantii L.
[Tradescant's Aster]

Bidens aristosa (Michx.) Britt.
[Tickseed Sunflower]

Bidens bipinnata L.
[Spanish Needles]

Bidens connata Muhl. ex Willd.
[Purple-stemmed Beggar Ticks]

Bidens coronata (L.) Britt.
[Northern Tickseed Sunflower]

* Centaurea jacea L.
[Brown Knapweed]

* Cichorium intybus L.
[Chicory]

Cirsium altissimum (L.) Sprengel
[Tall Thistle]

*i Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop.
[Canadian Thistle]
Recommended for removal

Cirsium discolor (Muhl.) Sprengel
[Field Thistle]

* Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Tenore
[Bull Thistle]

Erechtites hieracifolia (L.) Raf. ex DC.
[Pilewort]

Erigeron annuus (L.) Pers.
[Daisy Fleabane/Sweet Scabious]

Erigeron philadelphicus L.
[Daisy Fleabane]

Erigeron strigosus Muhl. ex Willd.
[Lesser Daisy Fleabane]

Eupatorium dubium Willd.
[Eastern Joe Pye Weed]

Eupatorium hyssopifolium L.
[Hyssop-leaved Boneset]

Eupatorium maculatum L.
[Spotted Joe Pye Weed]

Eupatorium rugosum Houtt.
[White Snakeroot]

Euthamia graminifolia (L.) Nutt.
[Grass-leaved Goldenrod]

*i Galinsoga parviflora Cav.
[Small-flowered Galinsoga]
Recommended for removal

Gnaphalium obtusifolium L.
[Fragrant Cudweed/Sweet Everlasting]

Hieracium caespitosum Dumort
[King Devil]

* Hieracium flagellare Willd.
[Large Mouse Ear]

* Hieracium pilosella L.
[Mouse-ear/ M. Hawkweed]

* Hieracium pilloselloides Villars
[Glaucous King-devil]

* Hypochoeris radicata L.
[Cat's Ear]

Lactuca biennis (Moench.) Fern.
[Tall Blue Lettuce]

Lactuca canadensis L.
[Wild Lettuce]

* Lactuca serriola L.
[Prickly Lettuce]

Mikania scandens (L.) Willd.
[Climbing Hempweed/ C. Boneset]

Prenanthes alba L.
[White Rattlesnake Root]

Rudbeckia hirta L.
[Black-eyed Susan]

Senecio aureus L.
[Golden Ragwort]

Solidago canadensis var. scabra T. & G.
[Tall Goldenrod]

Solidago hispida Muhl. ex Willd.
[Hairy Goldenrod]

Solidago juncea Aiton
[Early Goldenrod]

Solidago nemoralis Aiton
[Gray Goldenrod]

Solidago patula Muhl.
[Rough Leaved Goldenrod]

Solidago rugosa Cronquist
[Rough Stemmed Goldenrod]

Taraxacum laevigatum (Willd.) DC.
[Red-seeded Dandelion]

* i Taraxacum officinale Wiggers
[Dandelion]
Recommended for removal. Probably impossible to extirpate.

Vernonia noveboracensis (L.) Michx.
[New York Ironweed]

Xanthium strumarium L.
[Common Clotbur/Cocklebur]

Balsaminaceae (Touch-me-not Family)

Impatiens capensis Meerburg
[Jewelweed/Spotted Touch-me-not]

Berberidaceae (Bayberry Family)

Podophyllum peltatum L.
[Mayapple/Mandrake]

Boraginaceae (Borage Family)

@ Mertensia virginica (L.) Pers.
[Virginia Bluebells/Virginia Cowslip]

Brassicaceae (Mustard Family)

*i Alliaria petiolata (M. Bieb.) Cavara & Grande
[Garlic Mustard]
Recommended for removal/extirpation.

* Barbarea vulgaris R. Br.
[Common Winter Cress/Yellow Rocket]

Cardamine hirsuta L.
[Hairy Bitter Cress]

Cardamine pennsylvanica Muhl.
[Pennsylvania Bitter Cress]

* Lepidium campestre (L.) R. Br.
[Cow Cress]

Lepidium virginicum L.
[Pepper Grass]

Rorippa palustris (L.) Besser
[Common Yellow-cress/Marsh Y.-c.]

* Sinapis arvensis L.
[Charlock]

* Sisymbrium officinale (L.) Scop.
[Hedge Mustard]

Campanulaceae (Bellflower Family)

Lobelia cardinalis L.
[Cardinal Flower]

Lobelia inflata L.
[Indian Tobacco]

Caryophyllaceae (Pink Family)

* Cerastium vulgatum L.
[Mouse-ear Chickweed]

* Dianthus armeria L.
[Deptford Pink]

* Silene latifolia Poiret
[White Campion]

Stellaria graminea L.
[Common Stitchwort]

* i Stellaria media (L.) Cyrillo
[Common Chickweed]
Recommended for removal; may be impossible to extirpate.

Chenopodiaceae (Goosefoot Family)

Chenopodium album L.
[Lamb's Quarters]

Clusiaceae (St. John's-wort Family)

* Hypericum perforatum L.
[Common St. John's-wort]

Commelinaceae (Spiderwort Family)

*i Commelina communis L.
[Asiatic Day Flower]

Convulvulaceae (Morning Glory Family)

*i Convolvulus arvensis L.
Field Bindweed
Recommended for removal

Cuscuta gronovii Willd.
[Dodder]

* Ipomoea hederacea (L.) Jacq.
[Ivy-leaved Morning Glory]

Ipomoea lacunosa L.
[Small White Morning Glory]

* Ipomoea pupurea (L.) Roth
[Common Morning Glory]

Dioscoreaceae (Yam Family)

Dioscorea villosa L.
[Common Wild Yam]

Euphorbiaceae (Spurge Family)

Acalypha rhomboidea Raf.
[Three-seeded Mercury]

* i Euphorbia cyparissias L.
[Cypress Spurge]
Recommended for removal/extirpation.

Euphorbia maculata L.
[Milk Purslane]

Fabaceae (Legume Family)

Amphicarpaea bracteata (L.) Fernald
[Hog Peanut]

Apios americana Medic.
[Groundnut]

* i Coronilla varia L.
[Crown Vetch/Axseed]
Recommended for control or removal, but caution must be exercised where the plant has been introduced to control erosion..

Desmodium canescens (L.) DC.
[Hoary Tick-trefoil]

Desmodium glabellum (Michx.) DC.
[Dillen's Tick-trefoil]

Desmodium paniculatum (L.) DC.
[Panicled Tick-trefoil]

* Lathyrus latifolius L.
[Everlasting/Perennial Pea]

Lespedeza capitata Michx.
[Round-headed Bush-clover]

* Lespedeza striata (Thunb.) D. & A.
[Japanese Bush-clover]

* Medicago lupulina L.
[Black Medick]

* Melilotus alba Desr.
[White Sweet Clover]

* Melilotus officinalis Lam.
[Yellow Sweet Clover]

* Trifolium hybridum L.
[Alsike Clover]

* Trifolium pratense L.
[Red Clover]

* Trifolium repens L.
[White Clover]

* Vicia angustifolia L.
[Narrow-leaved Vetch]

* Vicia cracca L.
[Cow Vetch/Tufted V.]

* Vicia tetrasperma (L.) Moench
[Slender Vetch]

Geraniaceae (Geranium Family)

Geraniumcarolinianum L.
[Carolina Cranesbill]

Geranium maculatum L.
[Wild Geranium/Spotted Cranesbill]

* Geranium pusillum L.
[Small Flowered Cranesbill]

Hydrocharitaceae (Frog's-bit Family)

Vallisneria gigantea __
[Freshwater Eelgrass]

Iridaceae (Iris Family)

* Crocus sp.
[Crocus]

Iris versicolor L.
[Larger Blue Flag]

Sisyrhinchium angustifolium Mill.
[Stout Blue-eyed Grass]

Lamiaceae (Mint Family)

* Ajuga reptans L.
[Bugle]

* Galeopsis tetrahit L.
[Hemp Nettle]

*i Glechoma hederacea L.
[Ground Ivy/Gill-over-the-Ground]
Recommended for removal; probably impossible to extirpate.

* i Lamium purpureum L.
[Purple Dead Nettle]
Recommended for removal; probably impossible to extirpate.

Lycopus uniflora Michx.
[Northern Water-Horehound]

Lycopus virginicus L.
[Virginia Water-Horehound]

Monarda fistulosa L.
[Horsemint/Wild Bergamot]

Physostegia virginiana (L.) Benth.
[Obedience/False Dragon-head]

Prunella vulgaris L.
[Self-heal/Heal All]

Lemnaceae (Duckweed Family)

Lemna minor L.
[Duckweed]

Liliaceae (Lily Family)

Allium tricoccum Ait.
[Wild Onion, Wild Leek, Ramps]

* Allium vineale L.
[Field Garlic]

* Asparagus officianalis L.
[Asparagus - escaped cultivar]

Camassia sp.
[Wild Hyacinth/Eastern Camass]

* i Convallaria majalis L.
[Lily-of-the-Valley]
Recommended for removal/extirpation from public lands.

Erythronium americanum Ker
[Trout Lily]

* Hemerocallis fulva L.
[Tawny Day Lily]

* Lilium superbum L.
[Turk's Cap Lily]

Maianthemum canadense Desf.
[Canada Mayflower/Wild Lily-of-the-Valley]

Medeola virginiana L.
[Indian Cucumber Root]

* Muscari botryoides (L.) Miller
[Grape Hyacinth]

Polygonnatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
[Smooth Solomon's Seal]

Smilacina racemosa (L.) Desf.
[False Solomon's Seal/Wild Spikenard]

Trillium grandiflorum (Michx.) Salisb.
[Large-flowered Trillium]

* Tulipa kaufmanniana Regel
[Kaufmann Tulip]

* Tulipa turkestanica Regel
[Turkestan Tulip]

* Tulipa sp.
[Tulip -- diverse cultivars]

Uvularia sessilifolia L.
[Wild Oats]

Veratrum viride Ait.
[False Hellebore/White H./Indian Poke]

Yucca filamentosa L.
[Yucca/Spanish Bayonet]

Lythraceae (Loosestrife Family)

*i Lythrum salicaria L.
[Purple Loosestrife]
Recommended for extirpation, requires aggressive control. Getting out of control in Assunpink Wildlife Management Area nearby.

Malvaceae (Mallow Family)

* Abutilon theophrasti Medikus
[Indian Mallow/Velvetleaf]

* Malva neglecta Wallr.
[Common Mallow/Cheeses]

* Sida spinosa L.
[Prickly Sida]

Molluginaceae (Carpetweed Family)

* Mollugo verticillata L.
[Carpetweed]

Monotropaceae (Indian Pipe Family)

Monotropa uniflora L.
[Indian Pipe/Corpse Plant]

Nymphaeaceae (Water Lily Family)

Nuphar variegata Durand
[Spatterdock/Yellow Pond Lily/Cow Lily]

Onagraceae (Evening Primrose Family)

Circaea lutetiana L.
[Enchanter's Nightshade]

Epilobium coloratum Biehler
[Purple-leaved Willow-herb]

Ludwigia alternifolia L.
[Seedbox]

Oenothera biennis L.
[Evening Primrose/Common E. P.]

Oenothera ?fruticosa L. [or ?tetragona Roth]
[Sundrops]

Oenothera laciniata Hill
[Cut-leaved Evening Primrose]

Orchidaceae (Orchid Family)

Cypripedium acaule Ait.
[Pink Lady's Slipper]

Goodyera pubescens (Willd.) R. Br.
[Downy Rattlesnake Plantain]

R Tipularia discolor (Pursh) Nutt.
[Crane Fly Orchid]

Oxalidaceae (Wood Sorrel Family)

* Oxalis corniculata L.
[Creeping Wood Sorrel]

Oxalis dillenii Jacq.
[Yellow Wood Sorrel]

Papaveraceae (Poppy Family)

Stylophorum diphyllum (Michx.) Nutt.
[Celandine Poppy]

Phytolaccaceae (Pokeweed Family)

Phytolacca americana L.
[Pokeweed]

Plantaginaceae (Plantain Family)

* i Plantago lanceolata L.
[English Plantain]
Recommended for removal; probably impossible to extirpate.

* i Plantago major L.
[Common Plantain]
Recommended for removal; probably impossible to extirpate.

Plantago virginica L.
[Dwarf Plantain]

Polemoniaceae (Phlox Family)

Phlox paniculata L.
[Garden Phlox]

* Phlox stolinifera Sims
[Creeping Phlox]

Polygonaceae (Buckwheat Family)

Polygonum arifolium L.
[Halberd-leaved Tearthumb]

Polygonum aviculare L.
[Common Knotweed]

* Polygonum cespitosum Blume
[Cespitose Knotweed]

*i Polygonum cuspidatum Siebold & Zuccar.
[Japanese Knotweed]
Recommended for removal.

Polygonum lapathifolium L.
[Knodding Knotweed/Dock-leaved Smartweed]

Polygonum pennsylvanicum L.
[Pink Knotweed/Pinkweed]

* Polygonum persicaria L.
[Lady's Thumb]

Polygonum punctatum Elliott
[Dotted Smartweed]

Polygonum sagittatum L.
[Arrow-leaved Tearthumb]

Polygonum virginianum L.
[Jumpseed]

* Rumex acetosella L.
[Sheep Sorrel]

* Rumex crispus L.
[Curly Dock]

* Rumex obtusifolius L.
[Broad-leaved Dock/Bitter D.]

Portulacaceae (Purslane Family)

Claytonia virginica L.
[Spring Beauty]

* Portulaca oleracea L.
[Purslane]

Primulaceae (Primrose Family)

* Anagallis arvensis L.
[Scarlet Pimpernel, Poor Man's Weatherglass]

Lysimachia quadrifolia L.
[Whorled Loosestrife]

Pyrolaceae (Shinleaf Family)

Chimaphila maculata (L.) Pursh
[Striped Wintergreen/Spotted W.]

Ranunculaceae (Buttercup Family)

Actaea alba (L.) Mill.
[White Baneberry]

* Anemone blanda Schott & Kotschy
[Windflower]

Anemone quinquefolia L.
[Wood Anemone]

Aquilegia canadensis Pursh
[Wild Columbine]

Clematis virginiana L.
[Virgin's-bower]

* Cyclamen pseud-ibericum Hildebr.
[Fall Cyclamen]

* Delphinium exaltatum Anon.
[Delphinium]

* Eranthus hyemalis (L.) Salisb.
[Winter Aconite]

Ranunculus abortivus L.
[Kidney-leaf Buttercup]

* Ranunculus bulbosus L.
[Bulbous Buttercup]

Ranunculus recurvatus Poir.
[Hooked Crowfoot]

* Ranunculus repens L.
[Creeping Buttercup]

Thalictrum polygamum Muhl.
[Tall Meadow Rue]

Rosaceae (Rose Family)

*i Duchesnea indica (Andrz.) Focke
[Indian Strawberry]
Recommended for removal.

Fragaria virginiana Duchesne
[Wild Strawberry]

Geum vernum (Raf.) Torr. & Gray
[Spring Avens]

Potentilla canadensis L.
[Dwarf Cinquefoil]

Potentilla simplex Michx.
[Common Cinquefoil]

Rubiaceae (Madder Family)

Galium aparine L.
[Cleavers]

Galium circaezens Michx.
[Wild Licorice]

Galium obtusum Bigel.
[Blunt Bedstraw]

Mitchella repens L.
[Partridgeberry]

Scrophulariaceae (Figwort Family)

Agalinis tenuifolia (M. Vahl) Raf.
[Common Agalinis]

* Linaria vulgaris Miller
[Butter-and-eggs]

* Verbascum blattaria L.
[Moth Mullein]

Verbascum thapsus L.
[Common Mullein/Woolly M./Flannel-plant]

* Veronica arvensis L.
[Corn Speedwell]

Veronica hederaefolia L.
[Ivy-leaved Speedwell]

Veronica peregrina L.
[Purselane Speedwell/Neckweed]

* Veronica serpyllifolia L.
[Thyme-leaved Speedwell]

Solanaceae (Family)

*i Datura stramonium L.
[Jimsonweed]
Recommended for removal.

i Physalis philadelphica Lam.
[Tomatillo]
Once established, produces quantities of seed, difficult to remove. Recommended for removal.

Solanum carolinense L.
[Horse Nettle/Bull N.]

* Solanum nigrum L.
[Black Nightshade]

Sparganiaceae (Burr-reed Family)

Sparganium androcladum (Engelm.) Morong
[Branching Burr-reed]

Urticaceae (Family)

Boehmeria cylindrica (L.) Swartz
[False Nettle]

Valerianaceae (Family)

* Valerianella locusta (L.) Betcke
[European Corn Salad]

Verbenaceae (Family)

Verbena hastata
[Common Vervain/Blue V.]

Verbena urticifolia L.
[White Vervain]

Violaceae (Family)

Viola palmata L.
[Wood Violet]

Viola papilionacea Pursh
[Common Violet]

Viola pedata L.
[Birdfoot violet]

Viola primulifolia L.
[Primrose-leaved Violet]

Viola sororia Willd.
[Dooryard Violet]


Originally created by Wayne Cokeley.
Maintained by R. E. Tulloss.
Copyright 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2005, 2008, 2009, 2011 by Fund for Roosevelt, Inc.